Airborne and Ranger Training Brigade

Ranger Training Brigade

The United States Army Ranger School is an extremely intense, 61+ days, combat leadership course, oriented to small-unit tactics at Fort Benning, Georgia, U.S.A., (the woodland terrain, 'Benning Phase'), at Camp Rogers and Camp Darby, Georgia; 'the Mountain Phase' at Camp Merrill, near Dahlonega, Georgia and the Florida Phase at Camp Rudder, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

Ranger School was formed in 1950, during the Korean War, in order to train soldiers in Ranger tactics. Ranger training at Fort Benning, Georgia began in September 1950 during the Korean war with the formation and training of 17 Airborne Ranger companies by the Ranger Training Command. In October 1951 the Commandant of the US Army Infantry School established the Ranger Department and extended Ranger training to all combat units in the Army. The first Ranger Class for individual candidates graduated on 1 March 1952. On 1 November 1987, the Ranger Department expanded into the Ranger Training Brigade, and established four Ranger Training Battalions.

The purpose of the course is learning to soldier as a combat leader while enduring the great mental and psychological stresses and physical fatigue of combat; the Ranger Instructors (RI) create and cultivate such a physical and mental environment. Field craft instruction comprises most of the coursework; students plan and execute daily patrolling, perform reconnaissance, ambushes, and raids against dispersed targets, followed by stealthy movement to a new patrol base to plan the next mission. Ranger students conduct about 20 hours of training per day, while consuming two or fewer meals daily totaling about 2,200, with an average of 3.5 hours of sleep a day. Students sleep more before a parachute jump for safety considerations. Ranger students typically wear and carry some 65–90 pounds (29–41 kg) of weapons, equipment, and training ammunition while patrolling more than 200 miles (320 km) throughout the course.

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Rangers in ActionRanger School is recognized as the Army's premier leadership course and it is impossible to attain a leadership position in the 75th Ranger Regiment without it. Lower enlisted soldiers (E1 - E5) with the goal of becoming a member of the 75th Ranger Regiment will first complete the Ranger Assessment and Selection Program, Phase I (RASP I) and then be assigned to the Ranger Regiment. Once the Chain of Command feels confident the soldier will pass Ranger School, usually within 6 months, the soldier is sent to the Ranger Regiment's Pre-Ranger Course. Only after successful completion of the Pre-Ranger Course is the soldier sent to Ranger School. If a member of the Ranger Regiment fails to complete Ranger School he will oftentimes be dismissed from the Ranger Regiment, at the discretion of his chain of command. If he is fortunate he will be afforded the opportunity to go back at a later date, case by case dependent. Non Ranger Qualified NCOs and Officers normally complete Ranger School before volunteering to the 75th Ranger Regiment, but in some cases a Ranger Tab is not always required for consideration for selection and assignment to the unit. It is expected mid-and-senior grade NCOs and all officers will become Ranger Qualified if not already once they are assigned to the 75th Ranger Regiment, and if they fail to do so, their tour at the unit may be shortened. Under extreme conditions officers and NCOs may be relieved for standards (RFS) from the 75th Ranger Regiment for failure to obtain Ranger qualification.

A significant portion of Ranger students come from the 75th Ranger Regiment, where completing and passing Ranger School is required for any leadership position and continued assignment to the Ranger Regiment. The Army also allocates a select number of training slots each year to other US Military Service Branches, including their Reserve Components, as well as Foreign Military Services. These highly valued school slots are often competed for and used to augment the training of specialized combat career fields that directly support US Army units. Upon completion of the course, all soldiers return to the units that sent them and are referred to as being "Ranger Qualified". Since the 1950s, students have received a copy of Rangers Standing Orders, a version of the guidance Major Robert Rogers composed for his unit, Rogers' Rangers.




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